GitOps — Decoding DevOps [11]

Bhavyansh @ DiversePixel
3 min readJun 30, 2024

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GitOps, a modern approach to managing infrastructure and applications, leverages the power of Git for both version control and deployment automation. It shifts the focus from manual configuration to a declarative, collaborative, and auditable system, bringing several benefits to the DevOps process.

Photo by Roman Synkevych on Unsplash

The Core Principles of GitOps

  1. Everything as Code: Infrastructure, configurations, and deployments are defined and managed in Git repositories, treating infrastructure as code.
  2. Declarative Configuration: Desired states for infrastructure and applications are specified using configuration files in Git, rather than imperative commands.
  3. Pull-based Deployments: Instead of pushing changes to the infrastructure, GitOps uses a pull-based approach. A continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipeline monitors the Git repository and automatically applies changes to the infrastructure when updates occur.
  4. Automated Reconciliation: The CI/CD pipeline constantly compares the actual state of the infrastructure with the desired state defined in Git, automatically reconciling any discrepancies.
  5. Immutable Infrastructure: GitOps promotes the use of immutable infrastructure, where updates involve creating new resources rather than modifying existing ones, ensuring predictable and consistent deployments.

How GitOps Works in Practice

  1. Define your Infrastructure as Code: Create Git repositories for your infrastructure definitions (e.g., Terraform configurations) and application configurations (e.g., Kubernetes YAML files).
  2. Establish a CI/CD Pipeline: Configure a CI/CD pipeline using tools like Jenkins, ArgoCD, or Tekton to monitor the Git repositories for changes.
  3. Automatic Deployment: When a change is pushed to the Git repository, the CI/CD pipeline automatically builds and deploys the changes to the target environment, ensuring the infrastructure matches the desired state.
  4. Automated Reconciliation: The CI/CD pipeline constantly monitors the infrastructure and automatically reconciles it with the desired state defined in Git.

Benefits of GitOps

  1. Simplified Collaboration: Teams can collaborate on infrastructure and application configurations through Git’s familiar workflow, making it easy to track changes, resolve conflicts, and revert to previous versions.
  2. Enhanced Security and Auditability: Git’s history provides a complete audit trail of all infrastructure and application changes, making it easy to track who made what changes and when.
  3. Improved Consistency and Reliability: By using a declarative approach and automated reconciliation, GitOps ensures consistent deployments and reduces the risk of configuration errors.
  4. Faster Release Cycles: Automated deployments and seamless rollback capabilities accelerate development cycles, allowing teams to deploy new features and updates quickly.
  5. Increased Transparency: GitOps promotes transparency by making all infrastructure and application configurations visible and accessible to the entire team.

GitOps in Action: Examples

  1. Kubernetes Deployment: Use a Git repository to define your Kubernetes YAML files. Configure a CI/CD pipeline to automatically apply changes to your cluster, ensuring your Kubernetes resources are always in sync with the desired state.
  2. Infrastructure Provisioning: Define your infrastructure configuration in Terraform files in a Git repository. A CI/CD pipeline can automatically apply these changes, provisioning and configuring your infrastructure based on the Terraform definitions.

Conclusion

GitOps represents a significant shift in DevOps practices, empowering teams to manage infrastructure and applications with greater automation, consistency, and collaboration. By leveraging the power of Git, GitOps promotes transparency, security, and speed, enabling organizations to achieve faster release cycles and deliver value more efficiently.

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Bhavyansh @ DiversePixel

Hey I write about Tech. Join me as I share my tech learnings and insights. 🚀